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The Interplay Between Infant Nutrition, Early Milestones, and Long-Term Outcomes

  • Authors: Atul Singhal, MD; Cristina Campoy, MD, PhD; John Colombo, BA, MA, PhD
  • CME Released: 2/27/2023
  • Valid for credit through: 2/27/2024, 11:59 PM EST
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  • Credits Available

    Physicians - maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

    You Are Eligible For

    • Letter of Completion

Target Audience and Goal Statement

This educational activity is intended for an international audience of non-US primary care physicians and pediatricians.

The goal of this activity is for learners to be better able to understand and discuss the role of optimal infant nutrition in long-term outcomes.

Upon completion of this activity, participants will:

  • Have increased knowledge regarding the
    • Association between meeting early neurodevelopmental milestones and long-term attributes
    • Data on impact of different infant nutritional approaches on long-term outcomes
  • Demonstrate greater confidence in their ability to
    • Discuss with parents/caregivers how the composition of infant nutrition affects early and long-term child development


Medscape, LLC requires every individual in a position to control educational content to disclose all financial relationships with ineligible companies that have occurred within the past 24 months. Ineligible companies are organizations whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients.

All relevant financial relationships for anyone with the ability to control the content of this educational activity are listed below and have been mitigated. Others involved in the planning of this activity have no relevant financial relationships.

Disclosures for additional planners can be found here.


  • Atul Singhal, MD

    Professor of Pediatric Nutrition
    UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
    London, United Kingdom


    Atul Singhal, MD has the following relevant financial relationships:
    Consultant or advisor for: Abbott Nutrition; Arla Foods; Danone; Nestlé; Nestlé Nutrition Institute; Reckitt; Say Communications
    Speaker or member of speakers bureau for: Danone; Nestlé Nutrition Institute; Reckitt
    Research funding from: Nestlé

  • Cristina Campoy, MD, PhD

    Full Professor
    Department of Pediatrics
    University of Granada
    Granada, Spain


    Cristina Campoy, MD, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • John Colombo, BA, MA, PhD

    Professor of Psychology
    Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Span Studies
    University of Kansas
    Lawrence, Kansas, United States


    John Colombo, BA, MA, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.


  • Alessia Piazza, PhD

    Medical Education Director, WebMD Global, LLC


    Alessia Piazza, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • Eloise Ballard, PhD

    Scientific Content Manager, WebMD Global, LLC


    Eloise Ballard, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.

Compliance Reviewer

  • Stephanie Corder, ND, RN, CHCP

    Associate Director, Accreditation and Compliance, Medscape, LLC


    Stephanie Corder, ND, RN, CHCP, has no relevant financial relationships.

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In support of improving patient care, Medscape, LLC is jointly accredited with commendation by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

    For Physicians

  • Medscape, LLC designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ . Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

    Contact This Provider

For questions regarding the content of this activity, contact the accredited provider for this CME/CE activity noted above. For technical assistance, contact [email protected]

Instructions for Participation and Credit

There are no fees for participating in or receiving credit for this online educational activity. For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board.

This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated on the title page; physicians should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period that is noted on the title page. To receive AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, you must receive a minimum score of 75% on the post-test.

Follow these steps to earn CME/CE credit*:

  1. Read the target audience, learning objectives, and author disclosures.
  2. Study the educational content online or printed out.
  3. Online, choose the best answer to each test question. To receive a certificate, you must receive a passing score as designated at the top of the test. We encourage you to complete the Activity Evaluation to provide feedback for future programming.

You may now view or print the certificate from your CME/CE Tracker. You may print the certificate but you cannot alter it. Credits will be tallied in your CME/CE Tracker and archived for 6 years; at any point within this time period you can print out the tally as well as the certificates from the CME/CE Tracker.

*The credit that you receive is based on your user profile.


The Interplay Between Infant Nutrition, Early Milestones, and Long-Term Outcomes

Authors: Atul Singhal, MD; Cristina Campoy, MD, PhD; John Colombo, BA, MA, PhDFaculty and Disclosures

CME Released: 2/27/2023

Valid for credit through: 2/27/2024, 11:59 PM EST


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