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Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Surgery: Expert Insights on Current Understanding

  • Authors: Mariles Ostermann, MD​; V. Seenu Reddy, MD, MBA, FACS, FACC​​; Joshua Thurman, MD​
  • CME / ABIM MOC Released: 1/4/2023
  • Valid for credit through: 1/4/2024, 11:59 PM EST
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  • Credits Available

    Physicians - maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

    ABIM Diplomates - maximum of 0.50 ABIM MOC points

    You Are Eligible For

    • Letter of Completion
    • ABIM MOC points

Target Audience and Goal Statement

This activity is intended for nephrologists, cardiologists, critical care specialists, anesthesiologists, and surgeons.

The goals of this activity are for learners to: better understand the pathophysiologic mechanisms of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI), know how to identify risk factors for CSA-AKI and know how to mitigate harm related to CSA-AKI.

Upon completion of this activity, participants will:

  • Have increased knowledge regarding the
    • Pathophysiologic processes involved in cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI)
    • Role of the systemic inflammatory response in CSA-AKI
  • Have increased competence related to
    • Implementing strategies to reduce risk of CSA-AKI
  • Demonstrate greater confidence in their ability to
    • Implement strategies to minimize the risk for AKI development after cardiac surgery 


Medscape, LLC requires every individual in a position to control educational content to disclose all financial relationships with ineligible companies that have occurred within the past 24 months. Ineligible companies are organizations whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients.

All relevant financial relationships for anyone with the ability to control the content of this educational activity are listed below and have been mitigated. Others involved in the planning of this activity have no relevant financial relationships.


  • Mariles Ostermann, MD

    Consultant in Nephrology and Critical Care 
    National Health Service 
    Guys’ and St Thomas’ Hospital 
    London, United Kingdom 


    Mariles Ostermann, MD, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • V. Seenu Reddy, MD, MBA, FACS, FACC

    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery 
    TriStar Centennial Medical Center 
    Nashville, Tennessee, United States 


    V. Seenu Reddy, MD, MBA, FACS, FACC, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • Joshua Thurman, MD

    Professor of Medicine 
    Renal Med Diseases/Hypertension 
    University of Colorado School of Medicine 
    Aurora, Colorado, United States 


    Joshua Thurman, MD, has the following relevant financial relationships:
    Consultant or advisor for: Q32 Bio Inc., a company developing complement inhibitors
    Royalties from: Q32 Bio Inc. for a licensed therapeutic
    Patent beneficiary of: Q32 Bio Inc.
    Stock options from: Q32 Bio Inc.
    Owns stock (privately owned) in: Q32 Bio Inc.


  • Asha P. Gupta, PharmD, RPh

    Medical Education Director, Medscape, LLC


    Asha P. Gupta, PharmD, RPh, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • Frederick Stange, DO

    Scientific Content Manager, Medscape, LLC


    Frederick Stange, DO, has no relevant financial relationships.

Compliance Reviewer

  • Susan L. Smith, MN, PhD

    Associate Director, Accreditation and Compliance, Medscape, LLC


    Susan L. Smith, MN, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.

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    For Physicians

  • Medscape, LLC designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ . Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

    Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 0.50 MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit. Aggregate participant data will be shared with commercial supporters of this activity.

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This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated on the title page; physicians should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period that is noted on the title page. To receive AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, you must receive a minimum score of 75% on the post-test.

Follow these steps to earn CME/CE credit*:

  1. Read the target audience, learning objectives, and author disclosures.
  2. Study the educational content online or printed out.
  3. Online, choose the best answer to each test question. To receive a certificate, you must receive a passing score as designated at the top of the test. We encourage you to complete the Activity Evaluation to provide feedback for future programming.

You may now view or print the certificate from your CME/CE Tracker. You may print the certificate but you cannot alter it. Credits will be tallied in your CME/CE Tracker and archived for 6 years; at any point within this time period you can print out the tally as well as the certificates from the CME/CE Tracker.

*The credit that you receive is based on your user profile.


Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Surgery: Expert Insights on Current Understanding

Authors: Mariles Ostermann, MD​; V. Seenu Reddy, MD, MBA, FACS, FACC​​; Joshua Thurman, MD​Faculty and Disclosures

CME / ABIM MOC Released: 1/4/2023

Valid for credit through: 1/4/2024, 11:59 PM EST


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