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COVID-19: Unpacking the Ongoing Challenge of Vaccine Hesitancy and Recommendations for Boosters in Pediatrics

  • Authors: Kenneth A. Alexander, MD, PhD; Tamera Coyne-Beasley, MD, MPH; Litjen (L.J.) Tan, MS, PhD
  • CME / ABIM MOC Released: 11/22/2022
  • Valid for credit through: 11/22/2023
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  • Credits Available

    Physicians - maximum of 1.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

    ABIM Diplomates - maximum of 1.50 ABIM MOC points

    You Are Eligible For

    • Letter of Completion
    • ABIM MOC points

Target Audience and Goal Statement

This activity is intended for pediatricians, infectious disease specialists, primary care providers, and other healthcare professionals who have an interest in COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy.

The goal of this activity is for learners to be better able to communicate effectively with patients, parents, and caregivers about the importance of vaccination for COVID-19.

Upon completion of this activity, participants will:

  • Have increased knowledge regarding the
    • Current recommendations for COVID-19 boosters in pediatrics
    • Role of mRNA vaccines in protecting against variant strains of SARS-CoV-2
  • Have greater competence related to
    • Discussing the importance of COVID-19 vaccination with parents/caregivers


Medscape, LLC requires every individual in a position to control educational content to disclose all financial relationships with ineligible companies that have occurred within the past 24 months. Ineligible companies are organizations whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients.

All relevant financial relationships for anyone with the ability to control the content of this educational activity are listed below and have been mitigated. Others involved in the planning of this activity have no relevant financial relationships.


  • Kenneth A. Alexander, MD, PhD

    Professor of Pediatrics
    University of Central Florida College of Medicine
    Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases
    Nemours Children's Hospital
    Orlando, Florida


    Kenneth A. Alexander, MD, PhD, has the following relevant financial relationships:
    Speaker or member of speakers bureau for: BioFire

  • Tamera Coyne-Beasley, MD, MPH

    Vice Chair, Community Engagement
    Division Director, Adolescent Medicine
    Derrol Dawkins, MD Endowed Chair in Adolescent Medicine
    Heersink School of Medicine
    University of Alabama at Birmingham
    Birmingham, Alabama


    Tamera Coyne-Beasley, MD, MPH, has the following relevant financial relationships:
    Consultant or advisor for: Dynavax Technologies; Moderna; Pfizer; Sanofi-Pasteur

  • Litjen (L.J.) Tan, MS, PhD

    Chief Strategy Officer (Immunization Action Coalition)
    National Adult and Influenza Immunization Summit (IAC)
    St. Paul, Minnesota


    Litjen (L.J.) Tan, MS, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.


  • Maria B. Uravich, BSc, ELS

    Senior Medical Education Director, Medscape Education, LLC


    Maria B. Uravich, BSc, ELS, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • Jennifer Gregg, PhD

    Medical Education Director, Medscape Education, LLC


    Jennifer Gregg, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.

Compliance Reviewer

  • Lisa Simani, APRN, MS, ACNP

    Associate Director, Accreditation and Compliance, Medscape, LLC


    Lisa Simani, APRN, MS, ACNP, has no relevant financial relationships.

Peer Reviewer

This activity has been peer reviewed and the reviewer has no relevant financial relationships.

Accreditation Statements

In support of improving patient care, Medscape, LLC is jointly accredited with commendation by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

    For Physicians

  • Medscape, LLC designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ . Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

    Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 1.50 MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit. Aggregate participant data will be shared with commercial supporters of this activity.

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This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated on the title page; physicians should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period that is noted on the title page. To receive AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, you must receive a minimum score of 70% on the post-test.

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COVID-19: Unpacking the Ongoing Challenge of Vaccine Hesitancy and Recommendations for Boosters in Pediatrics

Authors: Kenneth A. Alexander, MD, PhD; Tamera Coyne-Beasley, MD, MPH; Litjen (L.J.) Tan, MS, PhDFaculty and Disclosures

CME / ABIM MOC Released: 11/22/2022

Valid for credit through: 11/22/2023


Note: The information on the coronavirus outbreak is continually evolving. The content within this activity serves as a historical reference to the information that was available at the time of this publication. We continue to add to the collection of activities on this subject as new information becomes available. It is the policy of Medscape Education to avoid the mention of brand names or specific manufacturers in accredited educational activities. However, manufacturer names related to the approved COVID-19 vaccines are provided in this activity in an effort to promote clarity. The use of manufacturer names should not be viewed as an endorsement by Medscape of any specific product or manufacturer.  

Disclaimer Statement: This symposium is not sponsored, endorsed or accredited by the American Academy of Pediatrics. 




Kenneth Alexander (00:00:05): All right. Good evening, and welcome to this program sponsored by Medscape. Program is entitled COVID-19: Unpacking the Ongoing Challenge of Vaccine Hesitancy and Recommendations for Boosters in Pediatrics. My name is Ken Alexander. I'm Chief of Infectious Diseases at Nemours Children's Hospital in Orlando, and Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Central Florida. I'll be your moderator for this evening. Joining me tonight are two of my friends, Tamera Coyne-Beasley. Tamera is Vice Chair of Pediatrics and Community Education and Division Director of Adolescent Medicine at the University of Alabama, Birmingham in Birmingham, Alabama. And along with Tamera, another friend, LJ Tan. LJ is Chief Strategy Officer for the Immunization Action Coalition, and co-chair of the National Adult and Influenza Immunization Summit. So I'd like to welcome you for this program this evening. The goal is to make this as conversational as possible. The other, I think, dictum that we have here, as I've discussed with my colleagues, make this useful.
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