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COVID-19 Challenges and Opportunities: Updates on COVID-19 Vaccines and Vaccination Efforts

  • Authors: Taison Bell, MD, MBA; Litjen (L.J.) Tan, MS, PhD; Todd Wolynn, MD, MMM
  • CME / ABIM MOC Released: 11/22/2022
  • Valid for credit through: 11/22/2023, 11:59 PM EST
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Target Audience and Goal Statement

This activity is intended for infectious disease specialists, pediatricians, primary care physicians, and other healthcare professionals (HCPs) who have an interest in COVID-19.

The goal of this activity is for learners to be better able to communicate with patients and caregivers about the importance of vaccination for COVID-19.

Upon completion of this activity, participants will:

  • Have increased knowledge regarding the
    • Current trends in SARS-CoV-2 variants and vaccine coverage
    • Role of messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines in protecting against variant strains of SARS-CoV-2
  • Demonstrate greater confidence in their ability to
    • Communicate the importance of vaccines in controlling the COVID-19 epidemic


Medscape, LLC requires every individual in a position to control educational content to disclose all financial relationships with ineligible companies that have occurred within the past 24 months. Ineligible companies are organizations whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients.

All relevant financial relationships for anyone with the ability to control the content of this educational activity are listed below and have been mitigated. Others involved in the planning of this activity have no relevant financial relationships.


  • Taison Bell, MD, MBA

    Assistant Professor
    Department of Medicine
    Divisions of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
    and Infectious Diseases and International Health
    University of Virginia School of Medicine
    Charlottesville, Virginia


    Taison Bell, MD, MBA, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • Litjen (L.J.) Tan, MS, PhD

    Chief Strategy Officer
    Immunization Action Coalition
    National Adult and Influenza Immunization Summit (NAIIS)
    St. Paul, Minnesota


    Litjen (L.J.) Tan, MS, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • Todd Wolynn, MD, MMM

    CEO, Kids Plus Pediatrics
    Co-Founder, Shots Heard Round the World
    Sr Advisor to The Public Good Projects
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


    Todd Wolynn, MD, MMM, has the following relevant financial relationships:
    Consultant or advisor for: Merck; Novavax; Sanofi
    Speaker or member of speakers bureau for: Merck; Sanofi


  • Maria B. Uravich, BSc, ELS

    Senior Medical Education Director, Medscape Education, LLC  


    Maria B. Uravich, BSc, ELS, has no relevant financial relationships.

  • Jennifer Gregg, PhD

    Medical Education Director, Medscape Education, LLC  


    Jennifer Gregg, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships.

Compliance Reviewer

  • Leigh Schmidt, MSN, RN, CMSRN, CNE, CHCP

    Associate Director, Accreditation and Compliance, Medscape, LLC 


    Leigh Schmidt, MSN, RN, CMSRN, CNE, CHCP, has no relevant financial relationships. 

Peer Reviewer:

This activity has been peer reviewed and the reviewer has no relevant financial relationships.

Accreditation Statements


Interprofessional Continuing Education

In support of improving patient care, Medscape, LLC is jointly accredited with commendation by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

    For Physicians

  • Medscape, LLC designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ . Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

    Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 1.0 MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit. Aggregate participant data will be shared with commercial supporters of this activity.

    Contact This Provider

For questions regarding the content of this activity, contact the accredited provider for this CME/CE activity noted above. For technical assistance, contact [email protected]

Instructions for Participation and Credit

There are no fees for participating in or receiving credit for this online educational activity. For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board.

This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated on the title page; physicians should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period that is noted on the title page. To receive AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, you must receive a minimum score of 75% on the post-test.

Follow these steps to earn CME/CE credit*:

  1. Read the target audience, learning objectives, and author disclosures.
  2. Study the educational content online or printed out.
  3. Online, choose the best answer to each test question. To receive a certificate, you must receive a passing score as designated at the top of the test. We encourage you to complete the Activity Evaluation to provide feedback for future programming.

You may now view or print the certificate from your CME/CE Tracker. You may print the certificate but you cannot alter it. Credits will be tallied in your CME/CE Tracker and archived for 6 years; at any point within this time period you can print out the tally as well as the certificates from the CME/CE Tracker.

*The credit that you receive is based on your user profile.


COVID-19 Challenges and Opportunities: Updates on COVID-19 Vaccines and Vaccination Efforts


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