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CPD

People Living With HIV: Stifled by Stigma and Impact on Health Outcomes

  • Authors: Maile Young Karris, MD; Jurgen Rockstroh, MD; Clíona Ní Cheallaigh, MB, BAO, BCh, MRCP, PhD
  • CPD Released: 4/6/2021; Reviewed and Renewed: 4/6/2022
  • Valid for credit through: 4/6/2023
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  • Credits Available

    Non-US Physicians - maximum of 0.50 CPD

    You Are Eligible For

    • Letter of Completion

Target Audience and Goal Statement

This educational activity is intended for an international audience of non-US HIV specialists, public health & preventive medicine specialists, and primary care physicians.

The goal of this activity is to inform clinicians regarding the relationship among stigma, stress, poor cognitive function, and reduced immune responses in people living with HIV (PLWH).

Upon completion of this activity, participants will:

  • Have increased knowledge regarding the
    • Impact of stress, depression, and stigma on the immune system 
    • Levels and types of stigma aging PLWH experience 
    • Impact of stigma on health outcomes in PLWH


Disclosures

WebMD Global requires each individual who is in a position to control the content of one of its educational activities to disclose any relevant financial relationships occurring within the past 12 months that could create a conflict of interest.


Faculty

  • Maile Young Karris, MD

    Associate Professor of Medicine​
    University of California San Diego​
    San Diego, California, United States​

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Maile Young Karris, MD, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationships:
    Served as an advisor or consultant for: ViiV Healthcare
    Received grants for clinical research from: Gilead Sciences, Inc.; ViiV Healthcare

  • Jurgen Rockstroh, MD ​

    Professor of Medicine ​
    Head of HIV Outpatient Clinic ​
    University of Bonn​
    Bonn, Germany

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Jurgen Rockstroh, MD, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationships:
    Served as an advisor or consultant for: Abivax; Galapagos; Gilead Sciences, Inc.; Merck & Co., Inc.; NPO Pertrovax Pharm LLC; ViiV Healthcare
    Served as a speaker or a member of a speakers bureau for: Gilead Sciences, Inc.; Merck & Co., Inc; ViiV Healthcare

  • Clíona Ní Cheallaigh, MB, BAO, BCh, MRCP, PhD

    Associate Professor Consultant​
    Department of Clinical Medicine​
    Trinity College ​
    Dublin, Ireland

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Clíona Ní Cheallaigh, MB, BAO, BCh, MRCP, PhD, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationships:
    Served as an advisor or consultant for: GlaxoSmithKline
    Served as a speaker or a member of a speakers bureau for: GlaxoSmithKline

Editors

  • Shanthi Voorn, PhD

    Medical Education Director, WebMD Global, LLC

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Shanthi Voorn, PhD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

  • Jenny Engelmoer, PhD

    Scientific Content Manager, WebMD Global, LLC

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Jenny Engelmoer, PhD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Content Reviewer

  • Hazel Dennison, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, CHCP, CPHQ, CNE

    Associate Director, Accreditation and Compliance, Medscape, LLC

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Hazel Dennison, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, CHCP, CPHQ, CNE, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Medscape, LLC staff have disclosed that they have no relevant financial relationships.

Peer Reviewer

This activity has been peer reviewed and the reviewer has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.


Accreditation Statements

    For Physicians

  • The Faculty of Pharmaceutical Medicine of the Royal Colleges of Physicians of the United Kingdom (FPM) has reviewed and approved the content of this educational activity and allocated it 0.5 continuing professional development credits (CPD).

    Contact WebMD Global

For questions regarding the content of this activity, contact the accredited provider for this CME/CE activity noted above. For technical assistance, contact [email protected]


Instructions for Participation and Credit

There are no fees for participating in or receiving credit for this online educational activity. For information about your eligibility to claim credit, please consult your professional licensing board.

This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated on the title page; physicians should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent participating in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the credit eligibility period that is noted on the title page.

Follow these steps to claim a credit certificate for completing this activity:

  1. Read the information provided on the title page regarding the target audience, learning objectives, and author disclosures, read and study the activity content and then complete the post-test questions. If you earn a passing score on the post-test and we have determined based on your registration profile that you may be eligible to claim CPD credit for completing this activity, we will issue you a CPD credit certificate.
  2. Once your CPD credit certificate has been issued, you may view and print the certificate from your CME/CE Tracker. CPD credits will be tallied in your CME/CE Tracker and archived for 6 years; at any point within this time period you can print out the tally as well as the certificates by accessing "Edit Your Profile" at the top of the Medscape Education homepage.

We encourage you to complete an Activity Evaluation to provide feedback for future programming.

You may now view or print the certificate from your CME/CE Tracker. You may print the certificate but you cannot alter it. Credits will be tallied in your CME/CE Tracker and archived for 6 years; at any point within this time period you can print out the tally as well as the certificates by accessing "Edit Your Profile" at the top of your Medscape homepage.

*The credit that you receive is based on your user profile.

CPD

People Living With HIV: Stifled by Stigma and Impact on Health Outcomes

Authors: Maile Young Karris, MD; Jurgen Rockstroh, MD; Clíona Ní Cheallaigh, MB, BAO, BCh, MRCP, PhDFaculty and Disclosures

CPD Released: 4/6/2021; Reviewed and Renewed: 4/6/2022

Valid for credit through: 4/6/2023

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Educational Impact Challenge

The goal of this activity is to inform clinicians regarding the relationship among stigma, stress, poor cognitive function, and reduced immune responses in people living with HIV (PLWH).

Before you begin this activity, please assess your clinical knowledge by completing this brief survey. Answering these questions again after the activity will allow you to see what you learned and to compare your answers with those of your peers.

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