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CME / CE

SPOTLIGHT: Critical Care Updates 2021: The Latest Advances in Diagnosing Sepsis and Pneumonia

  • Authors: Debra A. Goff, PharmD, FIDSA, FCCP; Edward J. Septimus, MD, FIDSA, FACP; Trevor Van Schooneveld, MD, FACP
  • CME / CE Released: 4/21/2021
  • THIS ACTIVITY HAS EXPIRED FOR CREDIT
  • Valid for credit through: 4/21/2022
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Target Audience and Goal Statement

This activity is intended for critical care specialists, pulmonologists, intensivists, hospitalists, infectious disease specialists, and all members of the multidisciplinary team involved in the care for patients who have or are at risk for pneumonia and sepsis.

The goal of this activity is to improve clinicians' ability to make a timely and accurate diagnosis for patients with pneumonia and sepsis.

Upon completion of this activity, participants will:

  • Have increased knowledge regarding the
    • Latest updates and advances in available technologies for the rapid diagnosis of sepsis and pneumonia
  • Demonstrate improved competence associated with
    • The timely and appropriate utilization of rapid technologies to establish a diagnosis of sepsis and/or pneumonia
    • Clinicians' ability to accurately interpret the results of rapid tests to inform clinical decision-making in the treatment of sepsis and pneumonia
  • Demonstrate greater confidence in their ability to 
    • Foster development of best practices for the implementation of antibiotic stewardship strategies in the management of sepsis and pneumonia


Disclosures

As organizations accredited by the ACCME, the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and Medscape, LLC require everyone who is in a position to control the content of an education activity to disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest.

Medscape, LLC encourages Authors to identify investigational products or off-label uses of products regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration, at first mention and where appropriate in the content.


Faculty

  • Debra Goff, PharmD, FIDSA, FCCP

    Professor of Pharmacy Practice
    OSU College of Pharmacy
    Infectious Diseases Specialist
    The Ohio State University 
    Wexner Medical Center
    Columbus, Ohio 

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Debra A. Goff, PharmD, FIDSA, FCCP, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationships: 
    Served as an advisor or consultant for: CARBx; Opgen
    Received grants for clinical research from: Merck; Pfizer 

  • Edward J. Septimus, MD, FIDSA, FACP

    Professor of Internal Medicine 
    Texas A&M College of Medicine   
    Houston, Texas 

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Edward J. Septimus, MD, FIDSA, FACP, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationships: 
    Served as a speaker or a member of a speakers bureau for: BioMérieux 

  • Trevor Van Schooneveld, MD, FACP

    Associate Professor of Infectious Disease
    Medical Director
    Antimicrobial Stewardship Program
    University of Nebraska College of Medicine
    Omaha, Nebraska 

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Trevor Van Schooneveld, MD, FACP, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationships: 
    Served as an advisor or consultant for: BioFire 

Editor

  • Maria B. Uravich, BSc

    Medical Education Director, Medscape, LLC

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Maria B. Uravich, BSc, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Content Reviewer

  • Esther Nyarko, PharmD

    Associate Director, Accreditation and Compliance, Medscape, LLC

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Esther Nyarko, PharmD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Medscape, LLC staff have disclosed that they have no relevant financial relationships.


Accreditation Statements

Presented through a collaboration between Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and Medscape Education.

The Society of Critical Care Medicine, SCCM, and Critical Care Congress are registered trademarks of the Society of Critical Care Medicine.

The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

    For Physicians

  • The Society of Critical Care Medicine designates this enduring activity for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits. Physicians should claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

    For Nurses

  • The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider No. 8181, for 0.5 contact hours.

    For Pharmacists


  • The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) as a provider of continuing pharmacy education. This activity will provide 0.5 continuing education hours. ((0236-9999-21-110-H01-P) For questions, contact SCCM at [email protected] or call 1-847-827-6869.

For questions regarding the content of this activity, contact the accredited provider for this CME/CE activity noted above. For technical assistance, contact [email protected]


Instructions for Participation and Credit

There are no fees for participating in or receiving credit for this online educational activity. For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board.

This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated on the title page; physicians should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period that is noted on the title page. To receive AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, you must receive a minimum score of 70% on the post-test.

Follow these steps to earn CME/CE credit*:

  1. Read about the target audience, learning objectives, and author disclosures
  2. Study the educational content online or print it out.
  3. Click the Earn Credit button to visit www.sccm.org/Education-Center/On-Demand/Advances-in-Diagnosis-Sepsis-and-Pneumonia, and log in using your existing SCCM Customer ID or follow the steps to create a new account.

*The credit that you receive is based on your user profile.

CME / CE

SPOTLIGHT: Critical Care Updates 2021: The Latest Advances in Diagnosing Sepsis and Pneumonia

Authors: Debra A. Goff, PharmD, FIDSA, FCCP; Edward J. Septimus, MD, FIDSA, FACP; Trevor Van Schooneveld, MD, FACPFaculty and Disclosures
THIS ACTIVITY HAS EXPIRED FOR CREDIT

CME / CE Released: 4/21/2021

Valid for credit through: 4/21/2022

processing....

abx = antibiotics
AACN = American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
AE = adverse event
ADE = adverse drug event
AoV = aortic valve
AS = antibiotic stewardship
ASP = antibiotic stewardship program
AST = antibiotic susceptibility test
BAL = bronchoalveolar lavage
BCID = blood culture identification
BC-GN-RUO = Gram-negative blood culture test, research use only
BC-GP = Gram-positive blood culture nucleic acid test
BFPP = BioFire FilmArray pneumonia panel
BMI = body mass index
BP = blood pressure
BSI = bloodstream infection
CAP = community-acquired pneumonia
CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CFU = colony-forming unit
CLIA = Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments
CMS = Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
CNS = central nervous system
CoNS = coagulase-negative staphylococci
COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COVID-19 = coronavirus disease 2019
CRP = C-reactive protein
CT = computed tomography
CTX-RO = ceftriaxone-resistant gram-negative
CXR = chest x-ray
DOE = dyspnea on exertion
ED = emergency department
EHR = electronic health records
ESBL = extended-spectrum β-lactamase
ESKAPE = Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species
FDA = United States Food and Drug Administration
FIO2 = fraction of inspired oxygen
FISH = fluorescence in situ hybridization
GN = gram-negative
GNR = gram-negative rod
GP = gram-positive
HAI = healthcare-associated infection
HAP = hospital-acquired pneumonia
HCAP = health care-associated pneumonia
HEENT = head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat
IC = immunocompromised
ICU = intensive care unit
ID = infectious disease
IDSA = Infectious Diseases Society of America
IV = intravenous
LFT = liver function test
LLL = left lower lobe
LOS = length of stay
LTCF = long-term care facility
LRT = lower respiratory tract
MALDI = matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization
MALDI-TOF = matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight
MAP = mean arterial pressure
MDRO = multidrug resistant organism
MI = myocardial infarction
mNGS = metagenomic next-generation sequencing
mRDT = molecular rapid diagnostic testing
MS = mass spectrometry
MREJ = staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) right-extremity junction
MRSA = methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MSSA = methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus
NAAT = nucleic acid amplification test
NP = nasopharyngeal
NPV = negative predictive value
PCR = polymerase chain reaction
PCT = procalcitonin
PNA = peptide nucleic acid
POA = present on admission
POC = point-of-care
PPV = positive predictive value
PNP = pneumonia panel
PT = prothrombin time
PTA = prior to admission
PTT = partial thromboplastin time
RCT = randomized controlled trial
RDT = rapid diagnostic test 
RL = Ringer's lactate solution
RUO = Research Use Only
SCCM = Society of Critical Care Medicine
SN = sensitivity
SOB = shortness of breath
SOC = standard-of-care
SP = specificity
TEE = transesophageal echocardiography
URT = upper respiratory tract
VA = Veterans Affairs
VAP = ventilator-associated pneumonia
VRE = vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus
WBC = white blood cell count

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