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CME/CE

Unsafe Injection Practices: Outbreaks, Incidents, and Root Causes

  • Authors: David Pegues, MD; Karen Hoffman, RN, MS; Joseph Perz, DrPH, MA; Robin Stackhouse, MD
  • CME/CE Released: 7/12/2011; Reviewed and Renewed: 7/12/2012
  • THIS ACTIVITY HAS EXPIRED
  • Valid for credit through: 7/12/2013
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Target Audience and Goal Statement

This activity is intended for clinicians who routinely administer parenteral medicines, including allergists, anesthesiologists, dermatologists, family medicine and internal medicine physicians, hematologists, infectious disease specialists, obstetricians/gynecologists, oncologists, orthopedists, pediatricians, radiologists, nurses, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants.

The goal of this activity is to enhance awareness of safe injection practices and the need to implement appropriate protocols and practices to prevent transmission of infectious diseases between one patient and another or between a patient and a healthcare provider.

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe safe injection practices and other basic infection-control practices and be able to recognize and correct unsafe practices
  2. Discuss the need for monitoring healthcare personnel practices in the participant's facility relating to injection safety and basic infection control
  3. Describe the potential consequences of syringe reuse and other unsafe practices


Disclosures

As an organization accredited by the ACCME, Medscape, LLC, requires everyone who is in a position to control the content of an education activity to disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The ACCME defines "relevant financial relationships" as financial relationships in any amount, occurring within the past 12 months, including financial relationships of a spouse or life partner, that could create a conflict of interest.

Medscape, LLC, encourages Authors to identify investigational products or off-label uses of products regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration, at first mention and where appropriate in the content.


Authors

  • David Pegues, MD

    Professor of Clinical Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA; Hospital Epidemiologist, Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, California

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: David Pegues, MD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

    Dr. Pegues does not intend to discuss off-label uses of drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

    Dr. Pegues does not intend to discuss investigational drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

  • Karen Hoffman, RN, MS

    Clinical Instructor, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Karen Hoffman, RN, MS, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationships:
    Served as an advisor or consultant for: American Medical Association

    Ms. Hoffman does not intend to discuss off-label uses of drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

    Ms. Hoffman does not intend to discuss investigational drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

  • Joseph Perz, DrPH, MA

    Team Leader, Ambulatory and Long-term Care, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Joseph Perz, DrPH, MA, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

    Dr. Perz does not intend to discuss off-label uses of drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

    Dr. Perz does not intend to discuss investigational drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

  • Robin Stackhouse, MD

    Clinical Professor of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Robin Stackhouse, MD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

    Dr. Stackhouse does not intend to discuss off-label uses of drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

    Dr. Stackhouse does not intend to discuss investigational drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

Editor and Nurse Planner

  • Susan L. Smith, MN, PhD

    Senior Scientific Director, Medscape, LLC

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Susan L. Smith, MN, PhD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

CME Reviewer

  • Nafeez Zawahir, MD

    CME Clinical Director, Medscape, LLC

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Nafeez Zawahir, MD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

CE Reviewer

  • Laurie E. Scudder, DNP, NP

    Nurse Planner, Continuing Professional Education Department, Medscape, LLC; Clinical Assistant Professor, School of Nursing and Allied Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC

    Disclosures

    Disclosure: Laurie E. Scudder, DNP, NP, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.


Accreditation Statements

The Safe Injection Practices Coalition (SIPC) is a partnership of healthcare-related organizations led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that was formed to promote safe injection practices in all U.S. healthcare settings

    For Physicians

  • Medscape, LLC is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

    Medscape, LLC designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ . Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

    Medscape, LLC staff have disclosed that they have no relevant financial relationships.

    Contact This Provider

    For Nurses

  • Medscape, LLC is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

    Awarded 0.75 contact hour(s) of continuing nursing education for RNs and APNs; none of these credits is in the area of pharmacology.

    Accreditation of this program does not imply endorsement by either Medscape, LLC or ANCC.

    Contact This Provider

For questions regarding the content of this activity, contact the accredited provider for this CME/CE activity noted above. For technical assistance, contact [email protected]


Instructions for Participation and Credit

There are no fees for participating in or receiving credit for this online educational activity. For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board.

This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated on the title page; physicians should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period that is noted on the title page. To receive AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, you must receive a minimum score of 70% on the post-test.

Follow these steps to earn CME/CE credit*:

  1. Read the target audience, learning objectives, and author disclosures.
  2. Study the educational content online or printed out.
  3. Online, choose the best answer to each test question. To receive a certificate, you must receive a passing score as designated at the top of the test. Medscape Education encourages you to complete the Activity Evaluation to provide feedback for future programming.

You may now view or print the certificate from your CME/CE Tracker. You may print the certificate but you cannot alter it. Credits will be tallied in your CME/CE Tracker and archived for 6 years; at any point within this time period you can print out the tally as well as the certificates by accessing "Edit Your Profile" at the top of your Medscape homepage.

*The credit that you receive is based on your user profile.

CME/CE

Unsafe Injection Practices: Outbreaks, Incidents, and Root Causes

Authors: David Pegues, MD; Karen Hoffman, RN, MS; Joseph Perz, DrPH, MA; Robin Stackhouse, MDFaculty and Disclosures
THIS ACTIVITY HAS EXPIRED

CME/CE Released: 7/12/2011; Reviewed and Renewed: 7/12/2012

Valid for credit through: 7/12/2013

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