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Is the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Effective?

  1. You are a member of the healthcare team who will provide patient education. Which one of the following statements regarding the epidemiology of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancer in the US?
    The prevalence rate of all HPV-related cancers has decreased by about 5% per year from 2001 to 2017
    There are more cases of HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer than cervical cancer
    There are nearly 500 cases of HPV-related cancer per 100,000 population
    The incidence of HPV-related cancer is higher among men vs women
  2. What was one of the main findings of the current study of the HPV vaccine among sexually active young people?
    There was no apparent effect of the vaccine on HPV infection among females or males
    The vaccine appeared effective for females only
    The vaccine reduced the prevalence of infection among vaccinated subjects, but it had no effect on infection rates among unvaccinated subjects
    The vaccine appeared to be directly effective in reducing the risk for HPV infection while also inducing herd protection