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CME/CE Test

Are Vegetarian Diets Harmful for Kids at Risk for Underweight?

  1. You are a member of the health care team for a 7-year-old boy on a vegetarian diet. On the basis of the longitudinal cohort study by Elliott and colleagues, which one of the following statements about relationships among vegetarian diet and growth, micronutrient stores, and serum lipids among healthy children aged 6 months to 8 years is correct?
    Vegetarian diet was not associated with body mass index z-score, height-for-age z-score, serum ferritin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, or serum lipids
    Vegetarian diet was strongly associated with lower mean height-for-age z-score
    Vegetarian diet was strongly negatively associated with overweight and obesity
    Cow's milk consumption was not associated with lipid profile among children on a vegetarian diet
  2. According to the longitudinal cohort study by Elliott and colleagues, which one of the following statements about clinical implications of relationships between vegetarian diet and growth, micronutrient stores, and serum lipids among healthy children aged 6 months to 8 years is correct?
    The study supports guidelines suggesting that vegetarian diet is inadequate in childhood
    Given the higher odds of underweight, careful dietary planning is needed for underweight children considering vegetarian diets
    The study proves that vegan diet causes underweight
    Clinical trials are mandatory to determine the effect of vegetarian diet in early childhood