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CME/CE Test

What Effect Do Alcohol and Tobacco Have on Multiple Sclerosis?

To receive AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, you must receive a minimum score of 75% on the post-test.

  1. Previous research has found that the thickness of the macular ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) correlates well with which one of the following brain findings?
    Central demyelination
    Neurofibrillary tangles
    Brain volume
    Ischemic changes
  2. You are a member of the healthcare team seeing a patient exhibiting symptoms of MS who is a current smoker. She asks if smoking is a risk factor for MS. You can tell her that which one of the following was an outcome of the current study of MS and mGCIPL by Kleerekooper and colleagues?
    Both cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption were associated with a higher prevalence of MS
    Both cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption were associated with reduced mGCIPL thickness
    Cigarette smoking, but not alcohol consumption, was associated with a higher prevalence of MS
    Neither cigarette smoking nor alcohol consumption were associated with reduced mGCIPL thickness